30 Sen Stamps
Besides plants, the mangrove habitat also houses a large number of animals, from the most minute (zooplankton) to the largest reptile, the Estuarine crocodile. One of the most commonly found inhabitants of the mangrove forest is the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis). These monkeys invade the mangrove forest during the falling tide to feed on crabs and shellfish.
The Gedabu (Sonneratia ovata) or more commonly known as the Mangrove apple is edible and it is also a favourite of the Painted Terrapin. The fruit can be made into juice and also used for the treatment of sprains , bleeding and haemorrhoid. Its wood can be used as firewood, poles and in the construction of houses. In addition, insects such as moth can be found throughout the mangrove forests.
There are 28 fishing villages in the vicinity of the Matang Mangroves. Beside fishing in the sea, the fishermen also carry out aquaculture farming, i.e. breeding of fish in cages and cockle farming. The cockles (Anadara granosa) were first commercially farmed by the village headman in Bagan Panchor, Perak, in 1984. Cockles from Matang fetch a god price in neighbouring countries such as Thailand, Singapore and Indonesia.
The Matang Mangroves environment is a very productive ecosystem. It supports the food chains of various wildlife comprising fish, crustaceans, birds, small mammals and invertebrates. It is the feeding ground for birds such as the Lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) and the Brahminy kite (Haliastar indus). These birds eat various types of food, including plankton, aquatic plants, worms, crustaceans, molluscs and fish.
In addition, migratory birds also make pit stops at the Matang Mangroves to feed before flying on to New Zealand or to stay there for the winter. These birds include the Eurasian Duck (Anas penelope), Chinese egret (Egretta eulophotes), Common sandpiper (Actitus hypoleucos) and many more.
100 Years Matang Mangroves, Perak
If an area that has been worked on contains less than 90% of natural seedlings, replanting will be carried out on the area. Two species that are commonly planted are Bakau minyak (Rhizophora apiculata) and Bakau kurap (Rhizophora mucronata) at a spacing of 1.2m x 1.2m and 1.8m x 1.8m respectively. Present planting involves the prescription of bare root propagules and potted seedlings as planting materials, depending on suitability of the sites and the presence of pests.